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課程名稱 (中文) 文化與語用
(英文) Cross-cultural Pragmatics
開課單位 應用外語學系
課程代碼 L4150
授課教師 謝富惠
學分數 2.0 必/選修 選修 開課年級 大四
先修科目或先備能力:
課程概述與目標: This course will present pragmatics within an overall program for studying language as a social interaction system. We deal mainly with the extent to which language interpretation and production and social interaction depend on language users’ reflexive assumptions and inferences about each other. Pragmatics is the study we rely on in order to elucidate the relevant assumptions and the logic of the inferences so that we can make our social interaction completed.
Course Objective
It is hoped that the students may have, via systematic pragmatics, a greater understanding of the factors that influence a speaker’s choice to say something the way s/he does, and a hearer’s interpretation of what has been said and what was meant by it. In other words, we hope to present issues related to the negotiation of interpretation and roles that characterize pragmatics, with the aim to gain a better understanding of how humans communicate and how human mind works. During the course, we would look at the way people actually use language in relation to user context, and provide a reasonable account of why people say a particular thing on a particular occasion; what people are trying to do with their language; and how people cooperate in conversation.
教科書
參考教材 Suggested texts:
(1) Kraft, Bettina, and Geluykens, Ronald. (eds.) 2007. Cross-cultural
Pragmatics and Interlanguage English. LINCOM.
(2) Gass, Susan M., and Neu, Joyce. 1996. Speech Acts Across Cultures:
Challenges to Communication in a Second Language. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
(3) Scollon, Ron, and Scollon, Suzanne Wong. 1995. Intercultural
Communication: A Discourse Approach. Blackwell.
(4) Foley, William A. 1997. Anthropological Linguistics. Blackwell Publishers.
課程大綱 學生學習目標 單元學習活動 學習成效評量 備註
單元主題 內容綱要
1 Week 1 Introduction (1) Kraft and Geluykens. 2007. Defining cross-cultural and interlanguage
pragmatics. In Kraft and Geluykens (eds.), 3-20.
(2) Grundy, Peter. 1995. Doing Pragmatics, Chapter 1: Using and
understanding language. London: Edward Arnold.
To get a whole picture of the course.
  • 講授
  • (3) Marmaridou. 2000. Pragmatic meaning and cognition. Ch. 1 (4) Wierzbicka, Anna. 1991. Cross-cultural Pragmatics, Chapter 1: Introduction. Mouton de Gruyter. (5) Gass. 1996. Introduction. In Gass & Neu (eds.), 1-17.  
    2 Methodological issues (1) Cohen, Andrew. 1996. Investigating the production of speech act sets. In
    Gass and Neu, 21-43.
    (2) Houck, Noel, and Gass, Susan M. 1996. Non-native refusals: A
    methodological perspective. In Gass and Neu, 45-64.
    To understand methodological issues related to the final project.
  • 講授
  • 作業
  • (3) Beebe, Leslie M., and Cummings Martha Clark. 1996. Natural speech act data versus written questionnaire data. In Gass and Neu, 65-86. (4) Geluykens. 2007. On Methodology in CCP. In Kraft & Geluykens (eds.), 21-72.  
    3 Reference/indexicality/Pronouns and addressing forms (1) Grundy, Peter. 1995. Doing Pragmatics. Chapter 2 Dexis: the relation of
    language to its point of origin. Edward Arnold.
    (2) Marmaridou. 2000. Pragmatic Meaning and Cognition. Ch. 3: Dexis.
    John Benjamins.
    To know the use of addressing forms in social actions.
  • 講授
  • 閱讀討論
  • 作業
  • Biq, Yung-O. 1991. The Multiple Uses of the Second Personal Pronoun ni in Conversational Mandarin. Journal of Pragmatics 16:307-321.  
    4 Politeness and face (1) Foley, William A. 1997. Anthropological Linguistics. Chapter 14:
    Politeness, Face, and the Linguistic Construction of Personhood. Blackwell Publishers.
    To know the politeness theory and the importance of \"face\" in cross-cultural environments.
  • 講授
  • 閱讀討論
  • 作業
  • Report the tentative topic of your final project.  
    5 Sequentiality in Interaction (1) Hua, Zhu, Li Wei and Qian Yuan. 2000. The sequential organization of gift offering and acceptance in Chinese. To know the sequentiality in social interactions, including gift offering and acceptance, and telephone opening.
  • 講授
  • 閱讀討論
  • 作業
  •  
    6 Conversational Practice and Pragmatic Failures Readings :
    (1) Kim, Mary Shin. 2013. Answering questions about the unquestionable in Korean conversation. Journal of Pragmatics 57:138-157.
    To know different conversational practices in different cultures and to recognize what factors cause pragmatic failures.
  • 講授
  • 閱讀討論
  • 作業
  •  
    7 Initiating and Maintaining Solidarity (1): Initiating Interactions Mortensen, Kristian, and Hazel, Spencer. 2014. Moving into interaction---Social practices for initiating encounters at a helpdesk. Journal of Pragmatics 62:46-67. To know how social interactants initiate and maintain solidarity, with a partucular focus laid on greetings and initiating interactions.
  • 講授
  • 閱讀討論
  •  
    8 Initiating and Maintaining Solidarity (2): Humor (1) Xu, Zhen. 2014. Contextual dimensions in interactional humour: How humour is practiced in selected American and Chinese situation comedies. Journal of Pragmatics 60:24-35. To know how social interactants initate and maintain solidarity, with a particular focus laid on humor.
  • 講授
  • 閱讀討論
  •  
    9 mid-term assignment Summary of your research project: (i) thesis statement of your research question(s); (ii) methodology; (iii) literature review; and (iv) references Students have to turn in a summary of your research project, including (i) thesis statement of your research question(s); (ii) methodology; (iii) literature; and (iv) refereneces
  • 期中考
  •  
    10 Initiating and Maintaining Solidarity (3): Compliments Nelson, Gayle L., Bakary, Waguida El, and Batal, Mahmoud Al. 1996.
    Egyptian and American compliments. In Gass and Neu, 109-128.
    To know how social interactants maintain solidarity, with a particular focus laid on compliments and compliment-response strategiese.
  • 講授
  • 閱讀討論
  •  
    11 Face-threatening Acts (1): Requests Breuer, Anja, and Geluykens, Ronald. 2007. Variation in British and
    American Requests. In Kraft and Geluykens, 107-126.
    To understand face-threatening acts, with a particular focus laid on requests.
  • 講授
  • 閱讀討論
  •  
    12 Face-threatening Acts (2): Complaints Murphy, Beth, and Neu, Joyce. 1996. My grade’s too low: The speech
    act set of complaining. In Gass and Neu, 191-216.
    To undersatnd FTA, with a particular focus laid on complaints.
  • 講授
  • 閱讀討論
  •  
    13 Face-threatening Acts (3): Refusals Allamin, Hamid, and Naeimi, Amin. 2011. A cross-linguistic study of
    refusals: An analysis of pragmatic competence development in Iranian EFL learners. Journal of Pragmatics 43:385-406.
    To understand FTA, with a particular focus laid on refusals.
  • 講授
  • 閱讀討論
  • 作業
  •  
    14 Gender Ogiermann, Eva. 2007. Gender-based Differences in English Apology
    Realizations. In Kraft & Geluykens (eds.), 127-142.
    To understand how the factor of gender may cause a difference in some important cross-culture issues, including doing apologies, complaints, and so on.
  • 講授
  • 閱讀討論
  • 作業
  •  
    15 Sales Promotion Cheung, Ming. 2011. Sales promotion communication in Chinese and
    English: A thematic analysis. Journal of Pragmatics 43:1061-1079.
    To know different strategies of sales promotion in different cultures.
  • 講授
  • 閱讀討論
  •  
    16 Final presentation (1) 1. Students take turns to present their final projects.
    2. Peer reviews.
    By presenting their final projects, students learn oral presentation skills.
  • 個案研究
  • 心得發表
  • 報告
  • presentation and critique (20%)  
    17 Final presentation (2) 1. Take turns present final projects.
    2. Peer reviews.
    To learn oral presentation skills.
  • 個案研究
  • 心得發表
  • 其他評量
  • 作業
  • contribution (20%)  
    18 Final exam Term paper of final project. to learn how to write an academic paper.
  • 期末考
  • 學期總成績
  •  

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    評量方法: 期末考:15%   期中考:15%   其他評量:15%   專題:20%   報告:15%   作業:20%  
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